Tenses in hindi | Definition,Formulas,Chart,Examples,Rules | Past, Present, Future in hindi

Hello 😊  
English seekhne ke liye doston 3 cheeze seekhni bohat zaroori hoti hain,
  1. Parts of Speech
  2. Sentences
  3. Tenses
jisme se ye teesra post hai, agar aapko Tenses samajhne hain to issey pehle aapko Parts of Speech aur Sentences ko samajhna zaroori hai.
Aaiye is post ko jaari rakh kar jaante hain Tenses -




Tenses in hindi
Tenses in hindi


Introduction to Tenses-

English Grammar me Tenses ka matlab Time se hai, aise factors jo ye batate hain ki kahi gayi baat Past, Present ya Future, kis time se taalluq rakhti hai ya relate karti hai.
Time 3 tarah ka hota hai isliye hamari baate bhi in teeno waqt ke andar hi kee jaati hain

1.Past- jisme beeti hui baate kahin jaati hain

2.Present-jisme filjaal hi ki baat kee jaati hai

3.Future- jisme aane wale waqt ki baat kee jati hai

matlab bina waqt me dhaale to koi baat ki hi nahi ja sakti hai isliye ek insaan teen tarah hi ki baat kar sakta hai ya to wo 1. Past ki baat karega , ya 2.present ki baat karega, ya 3. Future ki baat hi karega. iske alawa aur koi baat nahi kar sakta hai.

In teeno me se har ek time me hum simply sirf ek tarah se hi baat ko nahi kehte hain, kayi tarah se kehte hain, isliye aasaani ke liye Past, Present aur Future ko 4-4 catagories me divid karke total 12 tarah ke Tense banaye gaye hain jinke bare me aapko neeche Formulas aur Examples ki madad se samjhaya gaya hai.



Tense Chart
Tense Chart



Definition of Tenses with Example -

1.Past Simple Tenses :

Guzre waqt ki kisi bhi baat ko kehne ke liye Past Simple Tense ka use kiya jata hai, ye beete waqt me hi shuru aur khatm ho jata hai.
is sentence me verb ki "past simple" form ya helping verb "was/were" me se sirf ek cheez hi use hoti hai.
("Was" sirf First & Third singular persons ke sath hi use kee jati hai jese I, He, She, It,!
aur "Were" saare Plurals ke sath use hoti hai jese We, You, They!)

Example: I cooked dinner. (maine raat ka khaana pakaaya.)
               I was a member of that team. ( main us team ka member tha.) 





2. Past Continuous Tense :


In Tenses me continuity hoti hai matlab Past me hua koi kaam, past me chal raha hota hai ya jaari rehta hai.
Past Continuous Tenses ke zariye se Past me chal rahe kisi kaam me paida hui rukaawat ko bataya jaat hai.
Isme me verb ki "Present participle ya ing" form ke sath helping verb "was/were" ka use hota hai.

Example : I was cooking dinner when the door bell rang. (Jab darwaaze ki ghanti baji tab main khaana paka raha tha)





3. Past Perfect Tenses : 

Past Perfect Tense ka use kiya jata jab past me kisi kaam ke shuru hone se pehle hi koi kaam poora ho jaye.
is tense me verb ki "past participle" form ke sath helping verb "Had" ka use kiya jata hai.

Example:  I had cooked dinner, before the movie started. ( Maine movie shuru hone se pahle, raat ka khaana paka liya tha.)





4. Past Perfect Continuous Tenses :


Is Tense me koi kaam past me kisi khaas waqt se shuru hokar kisi past me hi kisi waqt tak jaari rehta hai aur phir past me hi khatm ho jata hai.
Isme verb ki "present parciple" ya "ing" form ke sath helping verb "had been" ka istemaal hota hai.
Kisi khaas lamhe ya pal (point of time) ke liye "Since" aur waqt ke kisi khaas hisse (period of time) ke liye "for" ka istemaal bhi hota hai.

Example:  I  had been cooking since 10am. ( Main subah 10 baje se khaana paka raha tha.)
                I had been cooking for 2 weeks. ( Main 2 hafte se khaana paka raha tha.)





5. Present Simple Tenses :


Present Tense ke zariye ham aamtaur par hone wali baato ya kaamo ko batate hain jo dobara bhi hoti aur hoti rehti hain, jese kisi ki baat se iqraar, kisi ko apne ya kisi cheez ke bare me simply batana.
Inme bhi helping verb "is/am/are" aur verb ki "orinal form" me se sirf ek hi use hoti hai.

Example: I cook dinner. | Does She cook dinner? | She cooks dinner.| You do not cook dinner.





6. Present Continuous Tenses :


Present ya fil-haal ke waqt me chal rahe ya jaari kaam ko batane ke liye Present Continuous Tense ka istemal hota hai.
Isme Helping verb "is/am/are" ke sath verb ki "present participle" ya "ing" form use kee jati hai

Example: I am cooking dinner. | You are playing. | He is singing.





7. Present Perfect Tenses:


Ye Tenses, ab se pehle kisi kaam ka kayi bar hojana batane ke liye istemaal kiye jate hain jahan wo time important nahi hai jis waqt kaam hua ho. 
Inme verb ki "past participle" form ke sath helping verb "Has/have" istemaal hota hai, 
Third Person Singular jese He,She,It,This,That, ke sath "Has" aur 1rst,2nd Singluar,1rst,2nd,3rd Plural Persons jese I,We,You,They,Those ke sath "Have" ka istemaal hota hai.

Example: I have cooked dinner, ten times already. (Main pehle hi 10 bar raat ka khana bana chuka hoon.)
               I have bought a car today. (Maine aaj ek car khareedi hai.)





8. Present Perfect Continuous:


Jab past me koi kaam shuru hua ho aur present ke us lamhe ya us moment tak chalta raha ho jis waqt ye baat kahi ja rahi ho means at the time of speaking, to aise sentences Present Perfect Continuous Tense hi kehlaate hai.
Isme Verb ki "Present participle" ya "ing" form ke sath helping verb "Have been or Has been" ka istemaal hota hai.
Uper 7th number ke tense hi ki tarah, Third Person Singular jese He,She,It,This,That, ke sath "Has been" aur 1rst,2nd Singluar,1rst,2nd,3rd Plural Persons jese I,We,You,They,Those ke sath "Have been" ka istemaal hota hai.

Example: I have been cooking until you arrived. (Tumhare aane tak main raat ka khaana pakata raha.)
               It has been raining since morning. (Subah se barish padh rahi hai.)

               



9. Future Simple Tenses :


Future me hone wale kisi kaam, promise, prediction or action ko batane ke liye ham Future Simple Tense ka istemaal karte hain, isme Verb ki original form ke sath helping verb "Will or Shall" ka istemaal hota hai, "We" ke sath "Shall" aur baaqi sabhi Noun or Pronoun ke sath "Will" ko use kiya jata hai, zyadatar "Will" ko kisi bhi Noun ya Pronoun ke sath tab istemaal kiya jata hai jab kaam anjaam dene ka irada pakka hota hai aur "Shall" ko tab jab irada pakka nahi hota hai.

Example: I will see you. ( Main tumhe dekh loong.)
                I shall go to the market. ( Main market jaunga.)





10. Future Continuous Tense :


Hum Future Continuous Tenses ka istemaal karte hain jab ham kisi aise kaam ke bare me batate hain jo Future me shuru hokar kisi aur kaam ke hone tak jaari ya continue rehne wala hota hai.
Inme Verb ki "present particple" ya " ing" form ke sath helping verb "Will be or Shall be" ka istemaal kiya jata hai.

Example: I will be cooking dinner, when you arrive home. ( Tumhare ghar pahunchne tak main raat ka khaana paka raha hoonga.)





11. Future Perfect:


Future Perfect Tenses aise baato ko batane ke liye istemaal kiye jaate hain jisme koi kaam future me shuru hokar future me hi kisi time me khatm hota hai ya ho jana hota hai. 
Isme Verb ki "past form" ke sath helping verb "Will have / Shall have" istemaal hota hai.

Example: I will have cooked dinner before 7pm. ( Mujhe sham 7 baje se pehle raat ka khaana paka lena hoga.)
               





12. Future Perfect Continuous Tenses:


Is Tense ka istemaal Future me kisi wajah ko batane ke liye kiya jata hai, ya Future me kisi aise kaam ko batane ke liye jo future me shuru hokar bina complete huye jaari ya continue rehta hai.
Isme Verb ki "present participle ya ing" form ke sath helping verb "Will have been / Shall have been" ka istemaal kiya jata hai aur sath hi isme 4th & 8th tenses ki tarah "Since & For" ka istemaal bhi kiya jata hai.

Example: I will be hungry, because i will have been cooking dinner all afternoon. (Main saari dopehar raat ka khaana pakane ki wajah se bhooka rahunga.)
I shall have been saving a rupee a day since 1rst july.( Main 1rst july se har din 1 rupee save kar raha hoonga.)
I shall have been saving a rupee a day for 2 years. (Main 2 saal tak har din 1 rupee save kar raha hoonga.)


                


Formulas of the 12 Tenses

Ye 12 formulas aapko practice karne me helpkarenge jissey aap jaldi hi English seekh sakenge.





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