Parts of Speech in Hindi, Learning English in Hindi

Hello 😊  
English seekhne ke liye doston 3 cheeze seekhni bohat zaroori hoti hain,
  1. Parts of Speech
  2. Sentences
  3. Tenses
jisme se ye pehla post hi hai, is post ko padhne ke baad uper diye gaye do post bhi parh lenge to ye teeno cheeze aapki English ko behtareen kar dengi!

Parts of Speech
Parts of Speech


Friends, English seekhne ke liye Parts of Speech ko samajhna bohat bohat zaroori hai kyonki lafzo se Sentences bante hain aur Sentences ke istemaal se hi to ham aur aap English me baat karte hain, ab agar lafzo ke bare me kisi ko pata nahi hoga to usse sentences sahi dhang se nahi ban payenge aur English reh jaayegi pheeki. to aaiye sabse pehle jaante hain kya hote hain Parts of Speech-



Parts of Speech

Jis tarah insaan ki catogories hoti hain jese koi Police, koi Teacher to koi Doctor usi tarah English me Words ko 8 catogories me baanta gaya hai. 
Words ki yahi categories Parts of Speech kehlaati hain!


Parts of Speech 8 hote hain-

1. Noun :

har wo word ya lafz Noun kehlaata hai jo kisi bhi cheez , jagah, insaan ya jaanwar ka Naam hota hai!
Jaise: Akbar, Delhi, Kursi, Ramu, Chocholate, Koi bhi naam!

Doston Noun aur Pronoun ke baare me 2 baaten samajhni bohat zaroori hain jisme pehla concept hai Persons and doosra concept hai Singular-Plural. ye dono Concept aapko aage aane wale topics Sentences aur Tenses ko samajhne me help karenge, bina inko samjhe aap English nahi seekh payenge. to aaiye samajhte hain -

(a). Person's Concept :

 hum aur aap jo ki insaan hain English me Person kehlaate hain jo ki 3 tarah ke hain-
1rst person wo kehlaata hai jo baat keh raha hota hai.
2nd person wo jo baat sun raha hota hai.
3rd person wo hota hai jiske baare me baat ho rahi hoti hai
Example: Raju apne dost Aman se keh raha hai-
                "I love my mother"
                isme Raju 1rst person hua kyonki wo baat keh raha hai
                Aman 2nd person hua kyonki wo baat sun raha hai.
                 Mother isme 3rd person huin jinke bare me baat ho rahi hai.

(b). Singular-Plural Concept-

Singular ka matlab to naam se hi samajh aaraha hai Single hai, aur Plural ka matlab ek se zyada.
Aage aap Verbs aur Helping Verbs seekhenge, Sentence banate waqt jab Subject ke sath Verb use kee jayegi to Verb ke sath Helping Verb bhi use kee jayegi aur Kis Subject ke sath konsi Helping Verb use karenge,  Ye Subject ke Singular ya Plural hone par depend karega.
Singular-Plural ko yahan sirf itna hi samajhte hain, jese jese aap aage padhte jayenge, in sab baato ko aur achi tarah samajhte jayenge.
(phir bhi aap kuch poochna chahen to mujhe neeche comment box me ya Instagram par message karke pooch sakte hain.)


2. Pronoun :

Har wo lafz jo Noun ki jagah par istemaal kiya ja sake wo lafz Pronoun kehlaate hain!
Jaise : Ram is a boy.
           He    is a boy.
kyonki Ram ek naam hai jo Noun hua aur Ram ki jagah par jab He ka istemaal kiya gaya to sentence na to badla aur na baat par koi farq pada!
Ab kyonki He, Noun ki jagah par istemaal hua isliye He ek Pronoun hai,, He ki tarah You, I, We wagahra bhi Pronoun hi kehlaate hain!



3. Adjective :

Un lafzo ko Adjective kehte hain jo Noun aur Pronoun ke bare me batayen,
jaise: "Ram is a Good boy" me Good ek aisa word hai jo Boy ke bare me bata raha hai aur kyonki boy ek Noun hi hai isliye  Good ek Adjective hua!
Examples:           (Adjective)   (Noun)
                                     Good   Boy
                                      High   School
                                     Small  Box
                                        Tall  Girl



4. Verb :

Har wo lafz हर वो लफ्ज़ Verb kehlaate hain jinse kisi kaam ka pata chalta hai, matlab jahan energy kharch hui ho, aise lafzo se kisi action ka pata chalta hai isliye inhe  Action Words bhi kaha jaata hai!
Jaise : Learn, Study, Cry, Run, Write, Speak, Sleep, Chat, Sit, Cut, Eat, Drink वगैरह!


Doston Noun hi ki tarah Verbs me bhi 2 bohat zaroorat Concepts hain jinhe samajhna bohat zaroori hai.

(a). Forms of Verbs -

Verbs ki 5 forms hoti hain jinka istemaal aap Tenses me karenge isliye isko yahin samajh lena bohat zaroori hai -

1rst Simple form hoti hai jo original word hi hota hai jaise "I cook dinner". Verb ki is form ke sath koi helping verb use nahi hoti hai.

2nd Past Simple hoti hai, ye zyadatar original word ke aakhir me "d" ya "ed" laga kar banti hai jisko ham past form bhi kehte hain kyonki iska use beeti hui baat batane me kiya jata hai.. jaise "I cooked dinner."

3rd Past Participle hoti hai, ye bhi original form me "d" ya "ed" laga kar banti hai lekin iske sath helping verb has/have/had use hota hai, jiska istemaal past me jo kuch ho chuka hota hai usey batane ke liye kiya jata hai. jaise "I have cooked  dinner."

4th Present Participle hoti, ye original word ke aakhir me "ing" lagane se banti hai jiska istemaal kisi kaam ke chal rahe ya kisi jaari kaam ko batane ke liye kiya jata hai, iske sath hamesha ek helping verb use kee jaati hai jo verb "to be" ki ek qism hoti hai,  jaise " I am cooking dinner."

5th 3rd person singular present simple matlab verb ki wo form jo kisi single 3rd person ke present me kiye jane wale kaam ko batane me istemaal kee jaati hai, iske sath koi helping verb istemaal nahi hoti hai, ye original word ke aakhir me "s" ya "es" laga kar banti hai jaise "He cookes dinner".


(b). Helping Verbs -

Helping Verbs wo hoti hain jo Sentence ko banane me Verb ki help karti hain ya Verb ke sath use hoti hain., inhe aasani se samajhne ke liye ham is tarah samajh sakte hain-

1. Verbs 'TO BE' -          Is, are, am, was, were
I ke sath "am" | You,We,They,Those ke sath "are" | He,She,It, This,That ke sath "is" use hota hai. aur was/were is/am/are ki past ya 2nd forms hain jo Past sentences me kis tarah use kee jaati hain aapko Tenses wale post me bataya jayega.


2. Verbs 'TO HAVE' -      Has, have, had
Jab hame ya kisi aur ko kuch karna hota hai ya ye batana hota hai ki hamare ya kisi ke pas kuch hai, tab Has/Have ka use hota hai aur Had, Has/Have ki past ya second form hai, inhe use karna Tenses wale post me sikhaya jayega.


3. Verbs 'TO DO' -          Do, does, did
Present Tenses me iska use hota hai jo aapko Tenses wale post me sikhaya jayega.

 iske alawa bhi bohat sari Helping Verbs aap aage seekhenge jese-
 can,may,must,might,was,were,will,shall,would,should,could, etc


                             

5. Adverb :

Har us lafz ko Adverb kehte hain jo verb,adjective, another adverb ya kisi bhi word or phrase ke bare me kuch bataye, change, modify ya usey qualify karta ho!
Jaise : "Ram walks slow" me Slow aisa word hai jisse ram ki Walking ke bare me pata chal raha hai! so Slow yahan Adverb hua!
Examples :

  • She always arrives early. (Wo subah jaldi aati hai)

          kab aati hai? Jaldi! to yahan Adverb hai Early.
  •  He drives carefully. (wo dhyaan se drive karta hai)

            Kese karta hai? Dhyaan se! yahan Adverb Carefully hai.
    
  •  They go everywhere together. (Wo har jagah jaate hain)
           Kahan jaate hain? Har jagah! yahan Adverb Everywhere hai.
       


6. Preposition :

Wo lafz Preposition kehlaate hain jisse jagah ya position ka pata chalta hai!
Jaise: on, in, out, up, down, upon, under,into wagarah!
The Book is on the table.
I am in the class. etc.



7. Conjunction :

Wo words Conjunction kehlaate hain jo 2 words ya 2 sentences ko aapas me connect karke 1 bana dete hain!
Jaise : "White and Black" me  and ek Conjunction hai,
aur "I am from amroha but live in Mumbai." me but ek Conjunction hai!
More examples: And, As, Because, But, For, Just as, Or, Neither, Nor, Not only, So, Whether, Yet, etc



8. Interjection :

Wo words Interjection kehlaate hain jinse man ke bhaav, bhaavna, ya feelings ka pata chalta hai!
Jiase : Wah, Wow, Oh, yuppie, hurray, wagarah!

  • Ahem - Bolne se pehle awaaz ko theek karne ke liye muh se nikla sound.
  • Aah - Madad ke liye.
  • Eww - jab kuch bura ya ganda lagta hai.
  • Hmm - Ghabrahat me ya kuch sunayi na dene par dobara poochna.
  • Oops - Jab galati ho jaye acahanak se.
  • Whoa - Hairat me ho jane par.
  • Yahoo - Khushi ke moke par.
  • Yeah - Agree hone par.



to dosto ye tha aaj ka post Parts of Speech.

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